||VILLAGES WITH DITCHES
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Site: Murgia Timone, Murge Plateau, Basilicata
Description of the local variant of the technique
The settlement of Murgia Timone covers an area of about 2 hectares, enclosed by a large elliptical excavation that has in one of two focuses a smaller inner circle. The ellipse has a greater diameter placed in the east-west direction and its peaks, with perfect orientation, there are two entrances to the village. Contrary to what appeared at the time of the first survey (Ridola, 1926) the ditches had a defensive purpose. In fact, they found it was no arrowheads or other prehistoric weapons. Because of their size they would have also been easily traversable by the enemy or by a pack of wolves. One hypothesis is that they served the Neolithic farming practices or were used for regulatory functions of the water from the plain to the height difference which overlooks the settlement.
The holes present in the area are collected between themselves to form a decantation device and filtration for the water. Other holes served to fix in the rocky terrain the poles for wooden circular huts.